The Red river in Cappadocia, which is the largest river that starts within the borders of Turkey and completes its flow within the borders of the country, begins with the collection of spring and snow waters collected on the southern slopes of Kizildağ in Sivas province. The river, which gathers in two branches in this region, converges near Karadağ village, and at this point it starts its adventure by filling the İmranlı dam lake.
Longest river in Turkey
The total length of the red river is 1355 km. The name Kızılırmak was given because the sandy-clay soil dragged by Kızıldağ, in the district of İmranlı, where the river originates, makes the color of the water red. The average flow of the river is 184 m3/s per year. Longest river in Turkey is Kizilirmak
The Red river has been used as a water source by the Anatolian people from past to present and has formed the lifeblood of many cities on the route it passes through. Today, it preserves its value due to the fertile lands it provides at the points it passes through, and is also used as the country's energy source. The Kızılırmak is also the second largest basin in Turkey. The catchment area is 78180 km2. The total water volume is approximately 5.5 billion m3.
Red river travels a total of 1355 km until it flows into the Black Sea in Bafra district of Samsun. The Kızılırmak River passes through the provinces of Sivas, Kayseri, Nevşehir Cappadocia, Kırşehir, Aksaray, Kırıkkale, Ankara, Çankırı, Çorum, Sinop and Samsun.